Oslo, the capital of the Norwegian state, is located in the Estlanna deep fjord of the same name on the shore of the three bays – Verkvika, Pipervika and Frogner. It is surrounded by rolling hills with mountain peaks covered with forests, which are arranged and industrial estates.
Oslo extends to 453 square meters. km, it is home to around 470 thousand people. Together with its suburbs and satellite towns Asker, Sandvika, Oestrich-Bærum, Hollerud and others, he formed the Greater Oslo has a population of more than 700 thousand people. This means that every sixth citizen of Norway lives in the Greater Oslo. New residential construction is developed along radii diverging from the city mainly along the highway in the direction of other Norwegian city of Drammen, Lillestrema and Moss.
Oslo – the ancient capital of northern Europe. At the site of one of the suburbs of the current Norwegian capital in 1050 by King Harald III A severe settlement called Opslo and Oslo was built, which was badly damaged by fire in 1624. After that, King Christian IV carried the people closer to Akershus Fortress (NOK. Akershus, 1290), where the future city of Oslo was founded.
Founded 1000 years ago, this ancient city today is built mostly modern houses; Built to the 18th century have survived a little.
Oslo, during the rule of the Danes called Christians, was a small town, its rapid development subsequently obliged to unite Norway with Sweden. A significant role is also played a good geographical position of the city in the Scandinavian seaside facing Europe.
After the restoration of the Norwegian State in 1905, the city acquired the status of Christiania capital of the kingdom. By the decision of the Norwegian Storting (Parliament) January 1, 1925 the capital of the country returned to the historical name – Oslo.