Niagara Falls – waterfalls on the border of America and Canada, between New York State and Ontario. Perhaps, Niagara Falls is probably the most spectacular natural fractures in the Earth’s crust.
Niagara River, which connects Lake Erie and Ontario, falling from a height of 50 meter cliff width of more than 1000 m. This waterfall is considered to be the most amazing natural wonder of North America.
At the end of the last ice age, 12,000 years ago, in the wake of the retreat of the glacier formed a grand five Great Lakes: Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario. The abundant meltwater went beyond the shores of Lake Erie. They formed a stream which we call the Niagara River. It cascades falls off a cliff, known as the Niagara escarpment in Lake Ontario. Under the name of Niagara Falls meant three separate falls. Waterfall «Horseshoe Falls» at the moment, the biggest, it is located on the Canadian side of the river, and opposite it, on the American coast, there are American Falls and waterfall «Bridal Veil Falls». Waterfalls separated chain of small islands, of which the most famous – Donkey Island on the Canadian side. Almost 90% of the mass of water rushes down the Niagara River to the waterfall «Horseshoe Falls», and only 10% through US territory.
Niagara Falls, just like any other waterfall looks different depending not only on the time of day, but also the time of year. In the spring and summer of boiling white curtain set off by lush greenery, autumn – crimson colors. In the winter freeze is only the river’s edge. With rock-ridge projections gradually freezes huge, with factory chimney, ice accretions – giant icicles “, sparkling diamonds on a background of the raging water. “Pipes” – it’s not a metaphor. “Icicles” of many large and small frozen rather, freezing waterfalls are really hollow, tapered or flared down the ice formation, through the transparent walls of which can be seen as falling, and pulsing beats, resisting freezing, water.
Terrible picture Niagara Falls deployed in early spring, when the ice flow. Huge ice floes, icebergs, with a roar and rumble shattered and disappear into the abyss. In 1848, the ice of Lake Erie dense mass scored source of Niagara Falls and the water drained away. Locals did not understand the causes of the phenomenon, expecting “doomsday”. Night no one slept. Thirty hours of water broke through the ice cap. The overthrow of water mixed with blocks of ice was like a volcanic eruption, accompanied by an earthquake.
The real miracle of Niagara Falls is how nature manages to triumph over the spirit of unrestrained buying and selling, which is less strong in Canada than in the US side of the border, passing through waterfalls. Nothing can compare with the spectacle of a boiling mass of water falls from a height on the way from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario and the Atlantic.
Those who have ever seen Niagara Falls, received an indelible impression on all his life, and some only heard about it, but even they do not doubt its power and glory. However, not only famous for a waterfall, but also a place where it is a miracle of nature.
Niagara Falls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world, along with the African Victoria Falls and Iguazu Argentine monster. It is situated on the border between the United States and Canada, with the interesting thing is that the water falls from the United States, but it is clear from Canada, that is, earn a sight Canadians 🙂 Downstream spanned “Rainbow Bridge”, open to the movement of passenger cars and pedestrians between the two countries.
Niagara Falls is the most famous waterfall in the world, with well-deserved – because the spectacle is just indescribable …