Amazing and unique London – a huge heart UK, the largest European state, and its undisputed leader in the number of population (in the capital of the United Kingdom is home to about 8 million people.). This is not only a favorite of tourists, but also a city of global importance, the financial center, which is dictated by the laws of economics, politics, business, culture and even fashion.
The history of London is multifaceted and interesting. The oldest city in Europe was founded in 43 AD Megapolis, which today occupies 1706.8 km2, has grown from a settlement of about 1.6 km long and 0.8 km wide. Since the beginning of the birth of London was an important trading center and important port and 100 AD It became the capital of Britain. Even 100 years later, when Britain was divided into several parts, the Romans built a protective wall around the city, and today the tourists who go to London, can see its remains.
A few centuries in a row London passed from hand to hand several times destroyed and rebuilt again, but did not stop to grow and build. In 1066 the city authorities passed to William the Conqueror, the construction of the famous Tower of London, which for many centuries legends, attracting the interest of tourists.
Momentous in the history of London was the beginning of the eighteenth century, when, after the Great Plague and the Great Fire of London city has been completely rebuilt and began to wear the proud title of the capital of Scotland and England.
Tower of London and Tower Bridge – the most popular attractions of the city and its symbols. They could not be better able to tell about the history of London. The oldest castle tower today is a historic center of the capital.
There is hardly a tourist who has not heard about the Big Ben – third of the world’s clock tower height. “Big Ben” – the name of the biggest bell in the vast Palace of Westminster clock, which weighs 13 tons.
Amazingly beautiful and charming with its grandeur collegiate church of Westminster Abbey, built in Gothic style and is located in an area of London called Westminster. In the temple you can see the tomb of the most famous people of England: the kings, generals, artists.
In the same area is Buckingham Palace – the residence of British monarchs. Here are the most important receptions, official ceremonies and banquets. Each year, the residence is visited about 50 000 guests invited to the royal ceremonies and receptions. Around Buckingham Palace extends the largest private garden in London.
The main museum of the United Kingdom and one of the largest museums in the world – the British Museum. It contains the main treasure of England – the British Museum Library.